Mar 28, 1991

Isolation of human type X collagen and immunolocalization in fetal human cartilage

European Journal of Biochemistry
T Kirsch, K von der Mark

Abstract

Type X collagen was extracted with 1 M NaCl and 10 mM dithiothreitol at neutral pH from fetal human growth plate cartilage and purified to homogeneity by gel filtration and anion-exchange chromatography. The purified protein migrates in SDS/polyacrylamide gels with an apparent Mr of 66,000 under reducing conditions, and as a high-Mr oligomer under non-reducing conditions. Purified collagenase digests most of the molecule; pepsin digestion at 4 degrees C decreases the Mr of the monomer to 53,000. A rabbit antiserum was raised against purified human type X collagen; the IgG fraction was specific for this collagen by criteria of ELISA and immunoblotting after absorption with collagen types I, II, VI, IX and XI. Immunohistological studies localized type X collagen exclusively in the zone of hypertrophic and calcifying cartilage.

Mentioned in this Paper

Collagen Type X
Fetal Structures
Polyacrylamide Gels
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Chromatography
Immune Sera
Hypertrophy
Dithiothreitol
Digests
Immunoblotting

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