Jan 1, 1980

Isolation of renin granules from rat kidney cortex by isotonic or hyperosmotic metrizamide-sucrose gradients

Preparative Biochemistry
P T Männistö, A M Poisner


The crude renin granules isolated from rat kidney cortex were purified using iso-osmotic metrizamide-sucrose gradients having osmolalities ranging from 300 mOsm/kg (= isotonic) to 1700 mOsm/kg. The density gradients were centrifuged at 116,000 g (maximum) for 60 min. 1. Working at 22 degrees-25 degrees C gave similar results as working at 0 degrees-4 degrees C. Hence further experiments were performed at room temperature. 2. The density of renin granules, mitochondria and lysosomes was a linear positive function of the log of osmolality. 3. It was not possible to separate renin granules from mitochondria at 300 mOsm/kg since both the organelles equilibrated at 1.154 kg/l. A reproducible separation was achieved at 850 mOsm/kg or higher but then the major fraction of lysosomes was superimposed on renin granules. Microsomes were always lighter than renin granules. 4. As compared with the total homogenates, renin/protein ratio was increased six-fold renin/malic acid dehydrogenase ratio 21-fold and renin/beta-glucuronidase ratio 3.5-fold. 5. Finally it was demonstrated that renin granules purified at high osmolalities tend to lyse when transferred into an isotonic medium.

  • References18
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Mentioned in this Paper

Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Malate Dehydrogenase
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Renin Measurement

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