Isolation of testosterone-binding globulin from bovine serum by affinity chromatography and its molecular characterization

Journal of Biochemistry
Y SuzukiT Hosoya

Abstract

The testosterone-binding globulin (TeBG) from bovine serum was purified by affinity chromatography and hydroxylapatite chromatography. The affinity column used was prepared by coupling 17 alpha-carboxyethynyl-17-hydroxy-4-androsten-3-one to aminoethyl-Sepharose. The compound was replaceable by 17alpha-carboxyethynyl-17-hydroxy-5alpha-androstan-3-one, but not by testosterone 17-hemisuccinate, estradiol 17-hemisuccinate, or testosterone 3-(O-carboxymethyl)oxime. The TeBG isolated was homogeneous on analytical polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and equilibrium centrifugation. The protein was a glycoprotein having a molecular weight of 89,500 and a carbohydrate content of 17%. The association constant (M-1) at 4 degrees C was 1.1 X 10(8) and the number of binding sites per molecule was 0.8. Treatment with guanidine-HCl dissociated the protein into subunits having a molecular weight of 28,400 (about one-third of that of the original molecule). SDS-gel electrophoresis showed that two of the three subunits were slightly larger than the other. The dissociation into subunits could also be accomplished by GEDTA treatment with concomitant loss of testosterone-binding activity. The activity and molecular size were reversibly restored by in...Continue Reading

Citations

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Sugars
Cations, Divalent
Bos indicus
Chromatography, Affinity
Edetic Acid, Calcium, Sodium Salt
Protein Conformation
Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin
Testolin
Macromolecular Compounds

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