IUDs at 1 year: predictors of early discontinuation

Contraception
Karla MaguireAnne Davis

Abstract

To assess baseline dysmenorrhea and insertion-related pain as predictors of intrauterine device (IUD) removal within 1 year following insertion. System-wide medical record abstraction 1 year after IUD insertion to identify removals and comparison of baseline characteristics (dysmenorrhea, insertion pain) among women with a removal versus women who continued IUD use was used. Baseline data came from a randomized trial of pain control during insertion. Among 199 insertions, we identified 21 removals and 7 expulsions, a continuation rate of 85.9%. Women with IUD removal had higher median dysmenorrhea scores before insertion than those who continued (42 vs. 25.5, p=.03). Insertion pain and other characteristics were not associated with removal. Preexisting dysmenorrhea may predict IUD removal within 1 year.

References

Nov 1, 2006·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·David HubacherHoracio Croxatto
Jul 17, 2012·Fertility and Sterility·Lawrence B FinerMegan L Kavanaugh
Nov 22, 2012·Obstetrics and Gynecology·Jessica R RosenstockGina M Secura

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Citations

Jan 13, 2016·Human Reproduction Update·Stella IacovidesFiona C Baker
Apr 1, 2014·Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery·Christina C WeeGeorge L Blackburn
Nov 19, 2020·Revista brasileira de enfermagem·Tatiane Herreira TrigueiroRute Barbosa

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