Mar 24, 2020

The effect of a novel powerful ABA mimic on the improvement of color in grapes and its mechanism

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Yumei xiao

Abstract

Pigment content is an important quality attribute in the grape industry, and anthocyanins are the major fruit pigments. iso-PhABA is a novel and excellent ABA analog capable of the antimetabolic inactivation of ABA. In this study, we found that iso-PhABA improved the coloration of grape berries more obviously than ABA at concentrations of 2 mg/L and 5 mg/L in two grape varieties in China. iso-PhABA treatment enhanced the anthocyanin content in the two grape varieties; specifically, the anthocyanin and delphinidin contents increased in both the Jufeng and Xiahei varieties. An enzymatic activity test showed that iso-PhABA significantly promoted four key enzyme activities catalyzing anthocyanin biosynthesis. We also determined the affinity between iso-PhABA and ABA receptors using ABA as a control. The results indicated that iso-PhABA had significantly to moderately higher affinities for some ABA receptors, including PYR1, PYL2, PYL1, PYL3 and PYL10, which resulted in higher inhibition of the PP2C HAB1 in the presence of iso-PhABA than in the presence of ABA. iso-PhABA treatment increased the content of soluble sugars and grape yield without any apparent accompanying adverse effects on the quality of the grapes.

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Mentioned in this Paper

RRNA Processing
Exons
RNA library
Sequence Determinations, RNA
Transcription, Genetic
Determination Aspects
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Sequence Determinations
Ribosomal RNA
Poly A

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