Joint evolution of altruistic cooperation and dispersal in a metapopulation of small local populations

Theoretical Population Biology
Kalle Parvinen

Abstract

We investigate the joint evolution of public goods cooperation and dispersal in a metapopulation model with small local populations. Altruistic cooperation can evolve due to assortment and kin selection, and dispersal can evolve because of demographic stochasticity, catastrophes and kin selection. Metapopulation structures resulting in assortment have been shown to make selection for cooperation possible. But how does dispersal affect cooperation and vice versa, when both are allowed to evolve as continuous traits? We found four qualitatively different evolutionary outcomes. (1) Monomorphic evolution to full defection with positive dispersal. (2) Monomorphic evolution to an evolutionarily stable state with positive cooperation and dispersal. In this case, parameter changes selecting for increased cooperation typically also select for increased dispersal. (3) Evolutionary branching can result in the evolutionarily stable coexistence of defectors and cooperators. Although defectors could be expected to disperse more than cooperators, here we show that the opposite case is also possible: Defectors tend to disperse less than cooperators when the total amount of cooperation in the dimorphic population is low enough. (4) Selection fo...Continue Reading

References

Sep 13, 2014·Bulletin of Mathematical Biology·Anne Seppänen, Kalle Parvinen
Apr 25, 2015·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Andrew BerdahlSimon A Levin
Apr 16, 2013·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Kalle Parvinen, Ulf Dieckmann
Aug 3, 2016·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Staffan JacobAlexis Chaine
Dec 23, 2015·PLoS Computational Biology·Adam James WaiteWenying Shou
Dec 6, 2017·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Charles MullonLaurent Lehmann
Jan 9, 2020·PLoS Computational Biology·Jaideep JoshiUlf Dieckmann

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