Nov 22, 2013

Journey to the Center of the Mitochondria Guided by the Tail Anchor of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Julia FuellerAli Kinkhabwala

Abstract

The canonical protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B has traditionally been considered to exclusively reside on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Using confocal microscopy, we show that endogenous PTP1B actually exhibits a higher local concentration at the mitochondria in all mammalian cell lines that we tested. Fluorescently labeled chimeras containing full-length PTP1B or only its 35 amino acid tail anchor localized identically, demonstrating the complete dependence of PTP1B’s subcellular partitioning on its tail anchor. Correlative light and electron microscopy using GFP- driven photo-oxidation of DAB revealed that PTP1B’s tail anchor localizes it to the mitochondrial interior and to mitochondrial-associated membrane (MAM) sites along the ER. Heterologous expression of the tail anchor of PTP1B in the yeast S. cerevisiae surprisingly led to its exclusive localization to the ER/vacuole with no presence at the mitochondria. Studies with various yeast mutants of conserved membrane insertion pathways revealed a role for the GET/TRC40 pathway in ER insertion, but also emphasized the likely dominant role of spontaneous insertion. Further studies of modified tail isoforms in both yeast and mammalian cells revealed a remarkable sensitivity...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

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Health Center
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Energy Transfer
Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
Membrane
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