Nov 1, 1981

Kallikrein and prekallikrein on the basolateral membrane of rat kidney tubules

Hypertension
K YamadaE G Erdös

Abstract

Basolateral membrane (BLM) enriched fraction was isolated from homogenized rat kidney cortex by differential centrifugation. We also obtained a fraction enriched in plasma membrane (PM). The morphology of the isolated BLM fragments was studied by transmission and freeze fracture electron microscopy. The relative specific activity of Na+-K+-ATPase was enriched 7-fold, while that of marker enzymes for PM, endoplasmic reticulum, and lysosomes was lower than in the crude homogenate. There was a 10-fold difference in the ratios of activities of Na+-k+-ATPase to Mg2+-ATPase in the BLM and in the PM enriched fractions. Kallikrein activity was determined with S-2266 substrate and by radioimmunoassay of kinin released. It was low in the BLM fraction prior to adding detergent, but Triton X-100 increased the activity 12 to 16-fold. Both free trypsin and Sepharose 4B-bound insoluble trypsin increased kallikrein activity 2- to 3-fold in both the membrane-bound and soluble fractions, probably by activating a prekallikrein. The results were interpreted that the kallikrein studied originated from the distal tubular BLM.

Mentioned in this Paper

Cataract
Bloom Syndrome
Prekallikrein
Glucosephosphatase
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Science of Morphology
August Rats
Plasma Prokallikrein A
Renal Tubule Structure

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.