Apr 23, 2020

Kallikrein-related peptidase 14 activates zymogens of membrane type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) - a CleavEx library-based analysis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. FalkowskiTomasz Kantyka


Kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are secretory proteinases known to proteolytically process components of the extracellular matrix (ECM), thus modulating the pericellular environment in physiology and excessively in pathologies like cancer. However, the interconnection between these groups of proteases remains elusive. To test this hypothesis, we have developed a peptide library-based exposition system (Cleavage of exposed amino acid sequences, CleavEx) aiming at investigating the potential of KLK14 to recognize and hydrolyze proMMP sequences specifically. Initial assessment of the library identified a total of ten MMP activation domain sequences which were validated by Edman degradation. The CleavEx analysis revealed that membrane-type (MT) MMPs are likely targeted by KLK14 for activation. Correspondingly, commercially available proMT-MMPs, namely proMMP14-17 were investigated in vitro and found to be effectively processed by KLK14. Again, the expected neo-N-termini of the activated MT MMPs were yielded and confirmed by Edman degradation. In addition, the productivity of proMMP activation was analyzed by gelatin zymography, which indicated the release of fully active, mature MT-MMPs upo...Continue Reading

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