Kaposi sarcoma in people living with HIV: incidence and associated factors in a French cohort between 2010 and 2015.

Isabelle Poizot-MartinDat’AIDS study group


Kaposi sarcoma is still observed among people living with HIV (PLHIV) including those on ART with undetectable HIV viral load (HIV-VL). We aimed to assess Kaposi sarcoma incidence and trends between 2010 and 2015 in France and to highlight associated factors. Retrospective study using longitudinal data from the Dat'AIDS cohort including 44 642 PLWH. For the incidence assessment, Kaposi sarcoma cases occurring within 30 days of cohort enrollment were excluded. Demographic, immunological, and therapeutic characteristics collected at time of Kaposi sarcoma diagnosis or at last visit for patients without Kaposi sarcoma. Among 180 216.4 person-years, Kaposi sarcoma incidence was 76 (95% CI 64.3-89.9)/10 person-years. Multivariate analysis (Poisson regression) revealed the positive association with male sex, MSM transmission route, lower CD4 T-cell count, higher CD8 T-cell count, not to be on ART, whereas HIV follow-up time, duration with an HIV-VL 50 copies/ml or less were negatively associated with Kaposi sarcoma. According to the different models tested, HIV-VL, CD4 : CD8 ratio and nadir CD4 cell count were associated with Kaposi sarcoma. Moreover, stratified analysis showed that patients with a CD4 : CD8 ratio 0.5 or less or a CD...Continue Reading


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