PMID: 9274958Aug 1, 1997

Keratoacanthoma and squamous cell carcinoma: study of PCNA and Le(Y) expression

Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
T Tsuji


To determine whether keratoacanthoma (KA) is unique or a variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Le(Y) in 16 KA cases (11 fully developed and 5 involutional types; two of the involutional types transformed from the fully developed types) and 11 cases of well-differentiated SCC were investigated by immunohistochemistry. The monoclonal antibodies used were PC-10 for PCNA and BM-1/JIMRO for Le(Y). Le(Y) is one of the Lewis-type antigens, and is thought to be related to apoptosis. In most of the cases of fully developed KA, the PCNA expression was linear or band-like and was limited to the basal and suprabasal layers, while the Le(Y) expression was seen in a diffuse pattern throughout the epidermis, except for the basal layer. However, in 5 of these cases, there were some areas in the basal and suprabasal layer where PCNA-positive cells were few, while Le(Y) expression was very strong. In the involutional Ka cases, the PCNA expression was very weak in the basal and suprabasal layers, and the Le(Y) expression was strong throughout the epidermis. In the SCC cases, the PCNA and Le(Y) expressions were very strong and diffuse throughout the tumor masses except for the la...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Differential Diagnosis
Peroxidase-Antiperoxidase Complex Technique
Lewis Blood-Group System
Malignant Neoplasm of Skin
Apoptosis, Intrinsic Pathway
Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen

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