KIF1A/UNC-104 transports ATG-9 to regulate neurodevelopment and autophagy at synapses

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Andrea K H StavoeDaniel Colón-Ramos

Abstract

Autophagy is a cellular degradation process essential for neuronal development and survival. Neurons are highly polarized cells in which autophagosome biogenesis is spatially compartmentalized. The mechanisms and physiological importance of this spatial compartmentalization of autophagy in the neuronal development of living animals are not well understood. Here we determine that, in C. elegans neurons, autophagosomes form near synapses and are required for neurodevelopment. We first determined, through unbiased genetic screens and systematic genetic analyses, that autophagy is required cell-autonomously for presynaptic assembly and for axon outgrowth dynamics in specific neurons. We observe autophagosomes in the axon near synapses, and this localization depends on the synaptic vesicle kinesin, KIF1A/UNC-104. KIF1A/UNC-104 coordinates localized autophagosome formation by regulating the transport of the integral membrane autophagy protein, ATG-9. Our findings indicate that autophagy is spatially regulated in neurons through the transport of ATG-9 by KIF1A/UNC-104 to regulate neurodevelopment.

Related Concepts

Lymphocyte Immune Globulin, Anti-Thymocyte Globulin
Autophagy
Axon
Neurons
Synapses
Synaptic Vesicles
Kinesin
Caenorhabditis elegans
Neurodevelopment
Neurogenesis

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