Jan 1, 1995

Kinematics of feeding in bluegill sunfish: is there a general distinction between aquatic capture and transport behaviors?

The Journal of Experimental Biology
G Gillis, G V Lauder

Abstract

Despite numerous studies of food transport in terrestrial vertebrates, little is known about this aspect of the feeding repertoire in aquatic vertebrates. Previous work had predicted that the kinematics of aquatic prey capture by suction feeding should be similar to those of prey transport. However, recent analyses of aquatic prey capture and transport in the tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum have contradicted this hypothesis, and document numerous differences between these two behaviors. In this study, using high-speed video and statistical analyses, we compare prey capture and transport kinematics in a ray-finned fish (Lepomis macrochirus, the bluegill sunfish) to examine the generality of differences between capture and transport behaviors in aquatic vertebrates. Compared with prey capture, prey transport is significantly more rapid and tends to have reduced lower jaw excursions, while having similar hyoid movements. A nested analysis of variance was used to analyze six variables common to both this analysis of Lepomis macrochirus and a previous study of Ambystoma tigrinum; none of these six variables showed significant variation between taxa. These results indicate that aquatic prey transport is kinematically distinct fro...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Mandible
PIGY
Ambystoma tigrinum
Kinematics
Lower Jaw Region
PYURF gene
Hyoid Bone Structure
Bluegill

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