Mar 26, 1990

Kinetic mechanism of beta-glucosidase from Trichoderma reesei QM 9414

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
P EstradaC Acebal

Abstract

beta-Glucosidase is a key enzyme in the hydrolysis of cellulose to D-glucose. beta-Glucosidase was purified from cultures of Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 grown on wheat straw as carbon source. The enzyme hydrolyzed cellobiose and aryl beta-glucosides. The double-reciprocal plots of initial velocity vs. substrate concentration showed substrate inhibition with cellobiose and salicin. However, when p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside was the substrate no inhibition was observed. The corresponding kinetic parameters were: K = 1.09 +/- 0.2 mM and V = 2.09 +/- 0.52 mumol.min-1.mg-1 for salicin; K = 1.22 +/- 0.3 mM and V = 1.14 +/- 0.21 mumol.min-1.mg-1 for cellobiose; K = 0.19 +/- 0.02 mM and V = 29.67 +/- 3.25 mumol.min-1.mg-1 for p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside. Studies of inhibition by products and by alternative product supported an Ordered Uni Bi mechanism for the reaction catalyzed by beta-glucosidase on p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside as substrate. Alternative substrates as salicin and cellobiose, a substrate analog such as maltose and a product analog such as fructose were competitive inhibitors in the p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside hydrolysis.

Mentioned in this Paper

4-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucoside ion (1-)
Salicin
Beta-Glucosidase
Fructose
SDS-PAGE
Cellobiose
Trichoderma reesei
Glucosides
Maltose
4-nitrophenol, sodium salt, (2: 1), dihydrate

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.