PMID: 3004334Jan 1, 1986Paper

Kinetic properties of the insulin receptor tyrosine protein kinase: activation through an insulin-stimulated tyrosine-specific, intramolecular autophosphorylation

Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Y C KwokJ Avruch


The insulin receptor is an insulin-activated, tyrosine-specific protein kinase. Previous studies have shown that autophosphorylation of tyrosine residues on the Mr 95,000 is associated with an activation of the protein kinase activity toward exogenous protein substrates. We have employed the highly purified insulin receptor, immobilized on insulin-Sepharose or eluted in an active form, to define the metal/ATP requirements for kinase activation, the relationship of receptor autophosphorylation to activation, and the kinetic properties of the autophosphorylated, activated receptor kinase. Prior incubation of the immobilized receptor with 2 mM ATP, 10 mM Mg (or 10 mM Mn), followed by removal of these reactants, served to abolish the upward curvilinearity in the rate of histone 2b (tyrosine) phosphorylation measured subsequently. This treatment also markedly increased the rate of histone 2b phosphorylation as compared to that observed with the unmodified, immobilized receptor, as estimated under conditions that per se minimized further activation. The extents of maximal activation of receptor histone 2b (tyrosine) kinase obtained on preincubation with MgATP or MnATP are identical; however, the affinity of the receptor for MnATP is ...Continue Reading


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