Mar 21, 1996

Kinetic trapping of oxygen in cell respiration

Nature
Michael I VerkhovskyMårten Wikström

Abstract

Cell respiration in eukaryotes is catalysed by mitochondrial enzyme cytochrome c oxidase. In bacteria there are many variants of this enzyme, all of which have a binuclear haem iron-copper centre at which O2 reduction occurs, and a low-spin haem, which serves as the immediate electron donor to this centre. It is essential that the components of the cell respiratory system have a high affinity for oxygen because of the low concentration of dissolved O2 in the tissues; however, the binding of O2 to the respiratory haem-copper oxidases is very weak. This paradox has been attributed to kinetic trapping during fast reaction of O2 bound within the enzyme's binuclear haem iron-copper centre. Our earlier work indicated that electron transfer from the low-spin haem to the oxygen-bound nuclear centre may be necessary for such kinetic oxygen trapping. Here we show that specific decrease of the haem-haem electron transfer rate in the respiratory haem-copper oxidase from Escherichia coli leads to a corresponding decrease in the enzyme's operational steady-state affinity for O2. This demonstrates directly that fast electron transfer between the haem groups is a key process in achieving the high affinity for oxygen in cell respiration.

  • References10
  • Citations44

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Dioxygen
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Cytochrome oo3, E coli
Cytochromes
Respiratory Chain
Cytochrome bo3, E coli
Escherichia coli Proteins
Heme

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