Jan 1, 1976

Kinetics and control of bovine adrenal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research
M S Schachet, P G Squire

Abstract

Michaelis-Menten kinetics are observed in studies of highly purified bovine adrenal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase at pH8.0 in 0.1 M bicine. The Km for NADP+ is 3.8 muM and for glucose-6-phosphate, 61 muM. At pH 6.9 Km for NADP+ increases to 6.5 muM. The enzyme is inhibited by NADPH both at pH 6.8 and at 8.0 with a Kip of 2.36 muM at pH 8.0. Inhibition is competitive with respect to both substrates implying that addition of substrates is random ordered. The data are also interpreted in terms of "reducing charge", the mole fraction of coenzyme in the reduced form. This appears to be the major mechanism for regulation of the pentose shunt. D-glucose, oxidized by the enzyme at a very slow rate, is also a competitive inhibitor for the natural substrate with a Ki of 0.29 M. Phosphate is a competitive inhibitor for glucose-6-phosphate oxidation but both phosphate and sulfate accelerate glucose oxidation suggesting a common binding site for the two anions and the phosphate of the natural substrate. While binding of ACTH to our enzyme preparations has been observed, we have not been able, in spite of repeated attempts, to demonstrate augmentation of the activity of the enzyme by the addition of ACTH.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Sulfates, Inorganic
G6PD
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Adrenal Glands
NADP
POMC
Bos indicus
Orthophosphate

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