Kinetics and mechanism of degradation of epothilone-D: an experimental anticancer agent

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
M JumaaV J Stella

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the stability and the degradation pathway of epothilone-D (Epo-D), an experimental anticancer agent. In pH range 4-9, Epo-D displayed pH-independent stability and the highest stability was observed at pH 1.5-2 where its thiazole group is protonated. Increasing the pH >9 or <1.5 resulted in an increase in the degradation rate. Epo-D contains an ester group that can be hydrolyzed. The formation of the hydrolytic product was confirmed by the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), fast atom bombardment mass spectroscopy and liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy/mass spectroscopy techniques. The largely sigmoidal pH-rate profile is not consistent with the normal pH dependency of ester hydrolysis involving an addition/elimination mechanism. Hence, a hydrolysis mechanism through a carbonium ion was suggested. At pH 4 and 7.4, no buffer catalysis was observed (0.01, 0.02, and 0.05 M buffers) and no significant deuterium kinetic solvent isotope effect was noted. The degradation was very sensitive to changes in the dielectric constant of the solvents as significant enhancement in the stability was observed in buffer-acetonitrile and 0.1 M (SBE)7m-beta-cyclodextrin solutions compared with just b...Continue Reading

Citations

Feb 14, 2006·Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology·Scott FrykmanPeter Licari
Jan 31, 2009·Protein Engineering, Design & Selection : PEDS·Akbar NayeemJonathan Basch
Oct 9, 2012·Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy·Madhushree GokhaleFrank Rinaldi
Jun 15, 2014·International Journal of Pharmaceutics·Rui LiDongya Zhu
May 27, 2010·Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods·Janet C Gould, Stephan Taylor
Apr 4, 2009·Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis·Zimei WuNatalie J Medlicott

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.