Feb 1, 1983

Kinetics and mechanisms of the recombination of Zn2+, Co2+, and Ni2+ with the metal-depleted catalytic site of horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase

Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
G Schneider, M Zeppezauer

Abstract

The kinetics of the recombination of the metal-depleted active site of horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase (LADH) with metal ions have been studied over a range of pH and temperature. The formation rates were determined optically, by activity measurements, or by using the pH change during metal incorporation with a pH-indicator as monitor. The binding of Zn2+, Co2+, and Ni2+ ions occurs in a two-step process. The first step is a fast equilibrium reaction, characterized by an equilibrium constant K1. The spectroscopic and catalytic properties of the native or metal-substituted protein are recovered in a slow, monomolecular process with the rate constant k2. The rate constants k2 5.2 X 10(-2) sec-1 (Zn2+), 1.1 X 10(-3) sec-1 (Co2+), and 2 X 10(-4) sec-1 (Ni2+). The rate constants increase with increasing pH. Using temperature dependence, the activation parameters for the reaction with Co2+ and Ni2+ were determined. Activation energies of 51 +/- 2.5 kJ/mol (0.033 M N-Tris-(hydroxymethyl)methyl-2-aminomethane sulfonic acid (TES), pH 6, 9) for Co2+ and 48.5 +/- 4 kJ/mol (0.033 M TES, pH 7, 2) for Ni2+ at 23 degrees C were found. The correspondent activation entropies are - 146 +/- 10 kJ/mol K for Co2+ and - 163 +/- 9 kJ/mol K for Ni2+...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Alcohol Oxidoreductases
Nickel
Methylamine
Recombination, Genetic
Tromethamine
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Zinc
Alkalemia
Alcohol Dehydrogenase II
Catalytic Domain

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