Jul 10, 1976

Kinetics of binding of the toxic lectins abrin and ricin to surface receptors of human cells

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
K SandvigA Pihl

Abstract

Kinetic parameters of the interaction of the toxic lectins abrin and ricin with human erythrocytes and HeLa cells have been measured. The binding of 125I-labeled abrin and ricin to human erythrocytes and to HeLa cells at 37 degrees was maximal around pH 7, whereas at 0 degrees the binding was similar over a broad pH range. The binding occurred at similar rates at 0 degrees and 37 degrees with rate constants in the range 0.9 to 3.0 X 10(5) M-1 s-1. The dissociation was strongly temperature-dependent with rate constants in the range 3.4 to 45 X 10(-4) s-1 at 0 degrees and 3.9 to 18 X 10(-3) s-1 at 37 degrees. The presence of unlabeled lectins as well as lactose increased the rate of dissociation. The association constants measured at equilibrium or calculated from the rate constants were between 0.64 X 10(8) M-1 and 8.2 X 10(8) M-1 for abrus lectins, and between 8.0 X 10(6) M-1 and 4.2 X 10(8) M-1 for ricinus lectins. The association constants for the toxins were lower at 37 degrees than at 0 degrees. Isolated ricin B chain appeared to bind with similar affinity as intact ricin. The number of binding sites was estimated to be 2 to 3 X 10(6) per erythrocyte and 1 to 3 X 10(7) per HeLa cell. The binding sites of HeLa cells all disp...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Anhydrous lactose
Abrin C
Receptors, Drug
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Ricin I
HeLa Cells
Erythrocytes
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Plant Proteins
Plasma Membrane

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