Kinetics of carboxymethylation of histidine hydantoin

E P Lennette, B V Plapp


The reaction of the imidazole group of histidine hydantoin with bromoacetate was studied as a model for carboxymethylation of histidine residues in proteins. pK values of 6.4 and 9.1 (25 degrees C) and apparent heats of ionization of 7.8 and 8.7 kcal/mol were determined for the imidazole and hydantoin rings, respectively. At pH values corresponding to the isoelectric points for histidine hydantoin, the rates of carboxymethylation at 12, 25, 37, and 50 degrees C were determined; the modified hydantoins were hydrolyzed to the corresponding histidine derivatives for quantitative amino acid analysis. At pH 7.72 and 25 degrees C, the imidazole tele-N was alkylated (k = 3.9 X 10(-5) M-1 s-1) twice as fast as the pros-N. The monocarboxymethyl derivatives were carboxymethylated at the same rate at the pros-N (k = 2.1 X 10(-5) M-1 s-1) but 3 times faster at the tele-N (k = 11 X 10(-5) M-1 s-1). The enthalpies of activation determined for carboxymethylation of the imidazole ring and its monocarboxymethyl derivatives were similar (15.9 +/- 0.7 kcal/mol). delta S for the four carboxymethylations was -25 +/- 2 eu. The electrostatic component of delta S (delta S es) was calculated from the influence of the dielectric constant on the reaction...Continue Reading


Nov 1, 1970·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S Milstien, L A Cohen
Aug 4, 1970·Biochemistry·R T Simpson, H A Sober
Jul 16, 1969·Journal of the American Chemical Society·W B MakinenJ E Stuehr

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