Kinetics of Mg2+ flux into rat liver mitochondria

J J DiwanD L Aronson


Unidirectional fluxes of Mg2+ across the limiting membranes of rat liver mitochondria have been measured in the presence of the respiratory substrate succinate by means of the radioisotope 28Mg. Rates of both influx and efflux of Mg2+ are decreased when respiration is inhibited. A linear dependence of the reciprocal of the Mg2+ influx rate on the reciprocal of the Mg2+ concentration is observed. The apparent Km for Mg2+ averages about 0.7 mM. N-Ethyl-maleimide, an inhibitor of transmembrane phosphate-hydroxyl exchanges, enhances the observed pH dependence of Mg2+, influx. In the presence of MalNEt, the apparent Vmax of Mg2+ influx is greater at pH 8 than at pH 7, and there is a linear dependence of the Mg2+ influx rate on the external OH- concentration. The K+ analogue Tl+ inhibits Mg2+ influx, while La3+, an inhibitor of mitochondrial Ca2+ transport, has no effect on Mg2+ influx. Mg2+ competitively inhibits the flux of K+ into rat liver mitochondria. The mechanism(s) mediating mitochondrial Mg2+ and K+ fluxes appear to be similar in their energy dependence, pH dependence, sensitivity to Tl+, and insensitivity to La3+.


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