PMID: 589608Nov 1, 1977

Klebsiella serotype-13 capsular polysaccharide: primary structure and depolymerization by a bacteriophage-borne glycanase

Carbohydrate Research
H NiemannS Stirm


Periodate oxidation and Smith degradation, methylation analysis including uronic acid degradation, partial hydrolysis with acid, bacteriophage degradation, and p.m.r. spectroscopy have been used to elucidate the primary structure of the Klebsiella serotype-13 capsular polysaccharide. The polymer consists of pentasaccharide repeating-units comprising a 4)-beta-D-Manp-(1 leads to 4)-alpha-D-Glcp-(1 leads to 3)-beta-D-Glcp-(1 leads to chain with a 3,4-O-(1-carboxyethylidene)-beta-D-Galp-(1 leads to 4)-alpha-D-GlcAp-(1 leads to branch at position 3 of the mannose. It is shown that there is a glycanase activity associated with particles of Klebsiella bacteriophage No. 13, which catalyses hydrolysis of chain beta-D-Glcp-(1 leads to 4)-beta-D-Manp linkages in the type-13 polysaccharide. The chemical basis of some serological cross-reactions of the Klebsiella K13 antigen is discussed.

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Antigens, Bacterial
Anhydrous Dextrose
Glucuronic Acids
Polysaccharides, Bacterial

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