Knockdown of exosome‑mediated lnc‑PVT1 alleviates lipopolysaccharide‑induced osteoarthritis progression by mediating the HMGB1/TLR4/NF‑κB pathway via miR‑93‑5p.

Molecular Medicine Reports
Yong MengJinliang Zuo


Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative joint disease. Long non‑coding RNA plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1) is involved in the progression of osteoarthritis and exosomes serve a central role in intercellular communication. However, whether PVT1 can be mediated by exosomes in osteoarthritis has not been reported. Whole blood was drawn from osteoarthritis patients and healthy volunteers. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to stimulate human normal chondrocytes (C28/I2) to construct a cell damage model in vitro. Protein levels were examined via western blot analysis. eThe expression of PVT1, microRNA (miR)‑93‑5p and high mobility groupprotein B1 (HMGB1) was evaluated through reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR. Cell viability and apoptosis were determined through CCK‑8 or flow cytometric assay. Inflammatory cytokines were measured via ELISA. The relationship between PVT1 or HMGB1 and miR‑93‑5p was confirmed by dual‑luciferase reporter assay. PVT1, HMGB1 and exosomal PVT1 were upregulated while miR‑93‑5p was downregulated in osteoarthritis patient serum and LPS‑induced C28/I2 cells. Exosomes from osteoarthritis patient serum and LPS‑treated C28/I2 cells increased PVT1 expression in C28/I2 cells. PVT1 depletion reverse...Continue Reading

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