Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies risk in community members and healthcare professionals: Pétionville, Haiti, 2013

Epidemiology and Infection
Natael FenelonRyan M Wallace

Abstract

Haiti has the highest human rabies burden in the Western Hemisphere. There is no published literature describing the public's perceptions of rabies in Haiti, information that is critical to developing effective interventions and government policies. We conducted a knowledge, attitudes and practices survey of 550 community members and 116 health professionals in Pétionville, Haiti in 2013 to understand the perception of rabies in these populations. The majority of respondents (85%) knew that dogs were the primary reservoir for rabies, yet only 1% were aware that bats and mongooses could transmit rabies. Animal bites were recognized as a mechanism of rabies transmission by 77% of the population and 76% were aware that the disease could be prevented by vaccination. Of 172 persons reporting a bite, only 37% sought medical treatment. The annual bite incidence rate in respondents was 0·9%. Only 31% of bite victims reported that they started the rabies vaccination series. Only 38% of respondents reported that their dog had been vaccinated against rabies. The majority of medical professionals recognized that dogs were the main reservoir for rabies (98%), but only 28% reported bats and 14% reported mongooses as posing a risk for rabies ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Nov 14, 2018·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Cuc H TranRyan M Wallace
Mar 4, 2020·Veterinary Sciences·Khadija BouaddiPhilip Paul Mshelbwala
Oct 26, 2018·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Rany OctariaRyan M Wallace
May 5, 2018·Zoonoses and Public Health·Modupe OsinubiV R Johnson
Dec 4, 2019·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Seonghye JeonRyan M Wallace

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