Apr 16, 2020

The macroecology and evolution of avian competence for Borrelia burgdorferi

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Daniel J. Becker, B. A. Han

Abstract

Most efforts to predict novel reservoirs of emerging infectious diseases rely upon information about the infection status of host species rather than their competence, the ability to transmit pathogens to new susceptible hosts or vectors. Although competence can be difficult to quantify, tick-borne pathogens can provide a useful model system, as larval ticks can become infected only when feeding on a competent host during their first bloodmeal. For tick-borne diseases, competence has been best studied for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl), the pathogen that causes Lyme borreliosis, an increasing public health priority across the northern hemisphere. Major reservoirs include several small mammal species, but birds may play an underrecognized role in human risk of acquiring this tick-borne pathogen, given their ability to disperse infected ticks across large spatial scales. Here, we provide a global synthesis of the ecological and evolutionary factors that determine the ability of bird species to infect larval ticks with Bbsl. We find strong phylogenetic patterns in competence, which clusters in thrushes and has evolved multiple times across birds. With boosted regression trees, we distinguish competent birds with 76% accura...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Computer Software
Research
Meta Analysis (Statistical Procedure)
Metal Working Fluid
Bio-Informatics
Genomics
Massively-Parallel Sequencing
Analysis
Automate (invertebrate)
Comparative Analysis

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