PMID: 2888854Aug 1, 1987Paper

L-dopa esters as potential prodrugs: behavioural activity in experimental models of Parkinson's disease

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
D R CooperC D Marsden


Intraperitoneal administration of the 2-tetrahydropyranylmethyl, phenoxyethyl, ethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl and methyl ester prodrugs of L-dopa produced locomotor activity in reserpine-pretreated mice with equal intensity and duration to that observed following administration of L-dopa itself. Administration of the 2-(1-methoxy)propyl ester produced a more prolonged effect while the p-methoxyphenylethyl, n-propyl, phenylethyl, m-trifluoromethylbenzyl, cyclohexyl, p-chlorophenylethyl and benzyl ester prodrugs were less active than L-dopa itself. On oral administration, the ethyl and methyl ester prodrugs were more effective than L-dopa in reversing reserpine-induced akinesia in mice. The 2-tetrahydropyranylmethyl, 2-(1-methoxy)propyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, n-propyl, benzyl and phenoxyethyl ester prodrugs produced effects comparable with those of L-dopa. In contrast, the cyclohexyl, m-trifluoromethylbenzyl, phenylethyl, p-chlorophenylethyl and p-methoxyphenylethyl ester prodrugs were less effective than L-dopa on oral administration. Intraperitoneal administration of L-dopa and the ester prodrugs of L-dopa to rats with a prior 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) produced contraversive circling responses. R...Continue Reading


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