PMID: 6987923Feb 1, 1980Paper

Laboratory diagnosis of Legionnaires' disease

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
P H EdelsteinS M Finegold


Legionnaires' disease was diagnosed in 32 patients with nosocomially acquired pneumonia by using direct immunofluorescence examination of respiratory tract secretions, indirect immunofluorescence determinations of antibody titer, and/or culture of Legionella pneumophila from respiratory tract secretions. Cultures of specimens for Legionella pneumophila were positive for 13 of 21 patients for whom appropriate specimens were submitted. Using a positive culture as a definition of Legionnaires' disease, the sensitivity of direct immunofluorescence examination was 62%; that of indirect immunofluorescence serologic studies, 75%. Using any positive test as a definition of Legionnaires' disease, the sensitivity of direct immunofluorescence examination of respiratory tract secretions was 50%, that of indirect immunofluorescence serologic studies (using all 4 serogroups), 80%; that of culture, 65%. A negative control group of 21 patients without Legionnaires' disease was used to estimate the specificity of the tests. The specificity of direct immunofluorescence examination was 94%; that of indirect immunofluorescence serologic studies, 75%. Culture of specimens was necessary to diagnose some cases of Legionnaires' disease because the oth...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Antibodies, Bacterial
Bacteriological Techniques
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Immunofluorescence Assay
Legionnaires' Disease
Sputum, Induced

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