Feb 1, 1977

Lack of a regulatory function for glutamine synthetase protein in the synthesis of glutamate dehydrogenase and nitrite reductase in Escherichia coli K12

Journal of General Microbiology
B M Newman, J A Cole


Synthesis of glutamine synthetase (GS) in anaerobic batch cultures of Escherichia coli was repressed when excess NH4+ was available, but derepressed during growth with a poor nitrogen source. In wild-type bacteria there was only a weak inverse correlation between the activities of GS and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) during growth in various media. No positive correlations were found between the activities of GS and nitrite reductase, or between GS and cytochrome c552: both of these proteins were synthesized normally by mutants that contained no active GS. Although activities of GS and GDH were low in two mutants that are unable to synthesize cytochrome c552 or reduce nitrite because of defects in the nirA gene, the nirA defect was separated from the GS and GDH defects by transduction with bacteriophage P1. Attempts to show that catabolite repression of proline oxidase synthesis could be relieved during NH4+ starvation also failed. It is, therefore, unlikely that nitrite reduction or proline oxidation by E. coli are under positive control by GS protein. The regulation of the synthesis of enzymes for the utilization of secondary nitrogen sources in E. coli, therefore, different from that in Klebsiella aerogenes, but is similar t...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Glutamine Deficiency, Congenital
Nitrite Reductase
Escherichia coli K12
Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase
GLUL gene
Thyroid Hormone Plasma Membrane Transport Defect

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