A study was conducted to determine the potential association between a specific aggrecan gene polymorphism and familial idiopathic scoliosis (FIS). To determine the allelic distribution of the exon 12 polymorphism within a sample of families with FIS. FIS is a structural curvature of the spine where the underlying genetic etiology has not been established. The aggrecan locus has been linked to multiple skeletal disorders. A polymorphism, within the aggrecan gene, was previously reported to be associated with curve severity in individuals with scoliosis. Fifty-eight families with FIS were genotyped for the aggrecan exon 12 polymorphism using a polymerase chain reaction method. Model-independent sib-pair linkage analyses and tests of association were performed to analyze the genetic effects of the exon 12 polymorphism. Linkage analyses of a genomic screen performed on a subgroup of 48 families with a most likely to be X-linked dominant mode of inheritance of FIS showed marginally significant results on chromosome 15q25-26 (P < 0.05). The overall distribution of the alleles was consistent with previously reported literature; no evidence of association and marginal significance of linkage was found between the polymorphism and FIS ...Continue Reading
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