PMID: 3890589Mar 1, 1985

Lack of recovery in male alcoholics' neuropsychological performance one year after treatment

Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
J R YohmanW R Leber

Abstract

Thirty-seven middle-aged alcoholics and 20 nonalcoholic controls equated for age and education were examined on measures of verbal, learning/memory, abstracting/problem-solving, and perceptual-motor abilities 7 weeks after beginning detoxification and 13 months later. At 7 weeks, the alcoholics were significantly different from the controls on the verbal, abstracting/problem-solving, and perceptual-motor clusters and tended to differ on the learning/memory tests. At 13 months, the same pattern of differences was found except the groups no longer differed on the verbal tests. Alcoholics who resumed drinking during the 13 months differed from the controls to a greater extent than did abstainers on both the initial and final testings. These results have implications for treatment programs and recidivism.

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Related Concepts

Memory Training
Problem Solving (Mental Process)
Alcohol Abuse
Metabolic Detoxication, Drug
Psychomotor Performance
Verbal Behavior
Relapse
Cognition
Alcoholics

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