Oct 1, 1989

Lack of sensitivity to ouabain in natural killer activity

FASEB Journal : Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
V L de MoraesV M Rumjanek

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) activity against K562 target cells is not an ouabain-sensitive process. Inhibition of 40% of cytotoxicity was achieved only with an ouabain concentration much higher than that required to inhibit cell activation in other systems such as leukocyte chemotaxis and B lymphocyte plaque formation. Pretreatment of effector cells with biological agents such as phorbol-ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate or interferon increased the cytotoxicity. This activation was not counteracted by ouabain. The effect of ouabain on NK activity was compared with a well-known ouabain-sensitive process, for example, phytohemagglutinin-induced peripheral blood lymphocyte proliferation. Ouabain completely blocked [3H]thymidine incorporation, independent of the stage of the culture when the drug was added, with exception of the last 6 h. This inhibition could be partially reversed by addition of KCl. Ouabain was equally effective when whole blood cultures were used. These results suggest that NK activity is ouabain resistant, unlike other systems of cell activation that lead or do not lead to proliferation.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Thymidine
Potassium
Lymphoid Cells
Human leukocyte interferon
Ouabain
Phorbol
Dental Plaque
Interferon
B-Lymphocytes
Cytotoxicity

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