Mar 28, 2020

LAMA2 regulates the fate commitment of mesenchymal stem cells via hedgehog signaling

Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Yuan ZhuYongsheng Zhou


Bone defects are a common clinical condition that has gained an increasing amount of attention in recent years. Causes of bone defect include tumors, inflammation, and fractures. Bone tissue engineering is a novel treatment of bone defect, and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are the ideal seed cells for bone tissue engineering due to their multi-lineage differentiation potential and immunogenicity. The laminin α2 (LAMA2) gene encodes the α2 subunit of laminins. Mutations in this gene have been reported to cause muscular dystrophy, but thus far no studies have elucidated the role of LAMA2 in the fate choices of MSCs. Here, we aimed to investigate the critical role of LAMA2 in the osteogenesis and adipogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). We investigated LAMA2 function in osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of MSCs in vitro and in vivo through loss- and gain-of-function experiments. In addition, molecular mechanism was clarified by Western blot and siRNA. Our results demonstrated that LAMA2 was a critical regulator for fate commitment of MSCs. Both in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that LAMA2 inhibits osteogenesis and promotes adipogenesis. Mechanistically, we found that LAMA2 regulated osteogenesis and adipog...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

LAMA2 gene
LAMC2 protein, human
Muscular Dystrophy
Tissue Engineering
Research Study
Mesenchymal Stem Cells

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