Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in children with chronic hemolytic anemia. Is the outcome related to the timing of the procedure?

Surgical Endoscopy
G CurròE Cucinotta


The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the outcome in children with chronic hemolytic anemia (CHA) and cholelithiasis undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is related to the operation timing. From June 1995 to December 2004, 46 children with CHA were referred to our division of surgery for cholelithiasis. All 46 children were asymptomatic at the time of the first visit, and an elective LC was proposed to all of them before the onset of symptoms. The operation was accepted in the period of study by 24 children and refused by 22. The patients were divided into three groups (group A, asymptomatic; group B, symptomatic; and group C, emergency admitted) depending on clinical presentation and operation timing, and the respective outcomes were compared. Elective LC in asymptomatic children (group A) is safe with no major complications reported. In children who refused surgery (groups B and C), we observed four sickle cell crises, four acute cholecystitis, and two choledocholithiasis, and all these complications were related to waiting. Two sickle cell crises occurred in symptomatic children waiting for surgery during biliary colic. The risk of emergency admission in children with cholelithiasis and CHA awaiting surgery w...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Microangiopathic Hemolytic Anemia
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Emergency Care
Retrospective Studies
Patient Elopement
Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic
Cholecystitis, Acute

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