Laparoscopy-assisted gastropexy for gastric volvulus in a child with situs inversus, asplenia, and major cardiac anomaly
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part a
Hiroyuki KogaTakeshi Miyano
The aim of this study was to report on laparoscopy-assisted gastropexy in a child with situs inversus, asplenia, and major cardiac anomaly. A 15-month-old boy presented with a sudden onset of epigastralgia, nonbilious vomiting, and severe abdominal distention. After a nasogastric tube decompression of the stomach, symptoms resolved and an upper gastrointestinal contrast study confirmed situs inversus and asplenia. Computed tomography showed hepatic symmetry. Major cardiac anomalies (e.g., single atrium, single ventricle, common atrioventricular valve, and pulmonary atresia) were also present and had been treated elsewhere by a Blalock-Taussig shunt operation, the Glenn procedure, and pulmonary artery plasty. To prevent recurrent gastric volvulus, an anterior gastropexy procedure was performed laparoscopically. The patient's weight at the time of surgery was 8.1 kg, and the operating time was 65 minutes. Cardiopulmonary status was stable during insufflation and throughout the laparoscopic procedure. Postoperative recovery was uneventful, and the patient was allowed oral fluids 1 day after surgery and an unrestricted diet on day 2. A Fontan procedure was performed 18 months later, and our patient is now 6 years old and well--with...Continue Reading
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.