Large Variability of Proanthocyanidin Content and Composition in Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia)

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Carsten S MalischJuha-Pekka Salminen

Abstract

Proanthocyanidins (PAs) in sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) are of interest to ameliorate the sustainability of livestock production. However, sainfoin forage yield and PA concentrations, as well as their composition, require optimization. Individual plants of 27 sainfoin accessions from four continents were analyzed with LC-ESI-QqQ-MS/MS for PA concentrations and simple phenolic compounds. Large variability existed in PA concentrations (23.0-47.5 mg g(-1) leaf dry matter (DM)), share of prodelphinidins (79-96%), and mean degree of polymerization (11-14) among, but also within, accessions. PAs were mainly located in leaves (26.8 mg g(-1) DM), whereas stems had less PAs (7.8 mg g(-1) DM). Overall, high-yielding plants had lower PA leaf concentrations (R(2) = 0.16, P < 0.001) and fewer leaves (R(2) = 0.66, P < 0.001). However, the results show that these two trade-offs between yield and bioactive PAs can be overcome.

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Citations

Nov 1, 2016·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Honorata M RopiakStig M Thamsborg
May 20, 2017·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Anu Tuominen, Juha-Pekka Salminen
Nov 1, 2020·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Milla Marleena LeppäJuha-Pekka Salminen
May 1, 2021·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Cecilia LozaCarsten Stefan Malisch
Jul 23, 2021·Communications Biology·Audrey Inge Schytz Andersen-CivilAndrew R Williams
May 8, 2020·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Gaëlle MaxinBenoît Graulet
Dec 15, 2016·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Carsten S MalischAndreas Lüscher
Jun 17, 2020·Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry·Jussi SuvantoJuha-Pekka Salminen

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
electron microscopy

Software Mentioned

multcompView
R

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