May 4, 1976

Laser Raman spectroscopic studies of the thermal unfolding of ribonuclease A

M C Chen, R C Lord


The reversible thermal denaturation of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A at pH 5 in 0.1 M NaCl over the range 32-70 degrees C as studied by Raman spectroscopy proceeds in a gradual manner consistent with a stepwise unfolding process rather than as a transition between two states. Conversion of residues from helical or pleated-sheet geometry to some intermediate geometry, as followed by means of the amide I and III lines, reveals that substantial amounts of the helical and pleated-sheet conformations remain at 70 degrees C. Changes in the strength of hydrogen bonding by the tyrosyl residues are indicated by the intensity ratio of the doublet at 830-850 cm(-1) and changes in the geometry of the disulfide bridges by the frequency and half-width of the Raman line near 510 cm(-1) due to the S-S vibration. Vibrations of C-S bonds in the methionines and cystines are used to monitor conformational changes in these residues. While there are small quantitative differences in temperature dependence among these probes, all agree in placing the malting temperature at or near 62 degrees C. The Raman data are quantitatively consistent with the six-stage scheme of unfolding of A.W. Burgess and H.A. Scheraga [(1975), J. Theor, Biol. 53, 403], ex...Continue Reading

  • References29
  • Citations40

Mentioned in this Paper

Bos taurus
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Protein Conformation
Pancreatic ribonuclease
Sodium Chloride
Bos indicus
Family Bovidae

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.