Late patency of the internal mammary artery as a coronary bypass conduit
From January, 1972, through August, 1977, 472 patients had internal mammary artery (IMA) coronary bypass, of which 100 were double-IMA bypasses. We selected those patients having a widely patent IMA one year postoperatively who then had a second catheterization 49 to 105 (mean, 64) months following operation. None of the 93 patients who met these criteria was specifically recalled for this study; they all had follow-up catheterizations for multiple other reasons. All of the 91 left IMA and 22 right IMA bypasses (total, 113) were patent at late catheterization, but 1 right IMA was diffusely narrowed. One left IMA had acute angulation with 50% stenosis proximal to the distal anastomosis, which was unchanged over the follow-up interval. There were 100 patent saphenous vein bypasses at one year and 87 at late catheterization. Late closure of coronary bypass grafts is secondary to progression of coronary disease, atherosclerosis of the bypass conduit, or intimal proliferation. Because we have not encountered the latter two causes of conduit closure, IMA grafts remain our graft of choice for nonemergent operations in patients under 60 years of age having revascularization of the left anterior descending coronary artery system.
Early postoperative occlusion of a left internal mammary artery bypass graft with subsequent restoration of patency
Characterization of the glycine transport system GLYT 1 in human placental choriocarcinoma cells (JAR)
Effect of drugs which inhibit cholesterol synthesis on syncytia formation in vero cells infected with measles virus
1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine(H-7), a potent inhibitor of protein kinases, inhibits the differentiation of HL-60 cells induced by phorbol diester
Transcutaneous ultrasound measurement of blood-flow in internal mammary artery to coronary artery grafts
Involvement of calcium and protein kinase C in the activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells stimulated by extracellular ATP
Histomorphological studies of the distal internal thoracic artery which support its use for coronary artery bypass grafting
Initial experience with sequential internal mammary artery bypass grafts to the left anterior descending and left anterior descending diagonal coronary arteries
Young adults with coronary atherosclerosis: 10 year results of surgical myocardial revascularization
Should airline pilots be eligible to resume active flight status after coronary bypass surgery?: a CASS registry study
Different behavior of sequential versus single left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending area grafts(1)
Sequential use of internal thoracic artery in myocardial revascularization: mid- and long-term results of 430 patients(1)
No change in O2 saturation but measurable difference in thenar flexor power after radial artery harvest
Evidence-based assessment of the benefit of revascularisation in coronary disease: beyond the randomised trials
Clinical outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with preferred use of the radial artery
Use of extrafascially harvested radial artery for coronary artery revascularization: technical considerations
Internal mammary artery versus saphenous vein graft. Comparative performance in patients with combined revascularisation
Comparison between multivessel stenting with drug eluting to the LAD and bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting
Internal mammary artery bypass grafting: influence on recurrent angina and survival in 2,100 patients
A further word of caution before using the internal mammary artery for coronary revascularization in patients with severe peripheral vascular disease!
The thin intima of the internal mammary artery as the possible reason for freedom from atherosclerosis and success in coronary bypass
Internal mammary artery versus saphenous vein graft to the left anterior descending coronary artery: prospective randomized study with 10-year follow-up
Does harvesting of an internal thoracic artery with an ultrasonic scalpel have an effect on sternal perfusion?
Comparative study of the postoperative flow in the saphenous vein and internal mammary artery bypass grafts
Early and lage results of coronary revascularization with saphenous vein and internal mammary artery grafts
Accelerated "atherosclerosis". A morphologic study of 97 saphenous vein coronary artery bypass grafts
Coronary artery grafting with the saphenous vein or internal mammary artery. Comparison of late results in two consecutive series of patients
Changes in intrinsic coronary circulation and segmental ventricular motion after saphenous-vein coronary bypass graft surgery
Atherosclerosis Disease Progression
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