Feb 23, 2019

Layers of Cryptic Genetic Variation Underlie a Yeast Complex Trait

Genetics
Jonathan T LeeIan M Ehrenreich

Abstract

Cryptic genetic variation may be an important contributor to heritable traits, but its extent and regulation are not fully understood. Here, we investigate the cryptic genetic variation underlying a Saccharomyces cerevisiae colony phenotype that is typically suppressed in a cross of the laboratory strain BY4716 (BY) and a derivative of the clinical isolate 322134S (3S). To do this, we comprehensively dissect the trait's genetic basis in the BYx3S cross in the presence of three different genetic perturbations that enable its expression. This allows us to detect and compare the specific loci that interact with each perturbation to produce the trait. In total, we identify 21 loci, all but one of which interact with just a subset of the perturbations. Beyond impacting which loci contribute to the trait, the genetic perturbations also alter the extent of additivity, epistasis, and genotype-environment interaction among the detected loci. Additionally, we show that the single locus interacting with all three perturbations corresponds to the coding region of the cell surface gene FLO11 While nearly all of the other remaining loci influence FLO11 transcription in cis or trans, the perturbations tend to interact with loci in different p...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Biochemical Pathway
CFC1 gene
Genes
Genus Cis
Regulation of Biological Process
Transcription, Genetic
Gene-Environment Interaction
Yeasts
Medical Devices

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.