Learning a tactile sequence induces selectivity to action decisions and outcomes in the mouse somatosensory cortex

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. R. BaleMiguel Maravall

Abstract

Sequential temporal ordering and patterning are key features of natural signals used by the brain to decode stimuli and perceive them as sensory objects. To explore how cortical neuronal activity underpins sequence recognition, we developed a task in which mice distinguished between tactile 'words' constructed from distinct vibrations delivered to the whiskers, assembled in different orders. Animals licked to report the presence of the target sequence. Mice could respond to the earliest possible cues allowing discrimination, effectively solving the task as a 'detection of change' problem, but enhanced their performance when deliberating for longer. Optogenetic inactivation showed that both primary somatosensory 'barrel' cortex (S1bf) and secondary somatosensory cortex were necessary for sequence recognition. Two-photon imaging of calcium activity in S1bf layer 2/3 revealed that, in well-trained animals, neurons had heterogeneous selectivity to multiple task variables including not just sensory input but also the animal's action decision and the trial outcome (presence or absence of a predicted reward). A large proportion of neurons were activated preceding goal-directed licking, thus reflecting the animal's learnt response to t...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Tonics
Presynaptic Terminals
Zone
Ceftazidime
Neurotransmitter Secretion
Entire Retina
Neurons
Synaptic Vesicles
Retinal Diseases
Vesicle

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.