Mar 1, 1988

Length and restriction site heteroplasmy in the mitochondrial DNA of american shad (alosa sapidissima)

P BentzenG G Brown


Restriction endonuclease analysis was used to assess mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation in American shad (Alosa sapidissima) collected from 14 rivers ranging from Florida to Quebec. Two types of heteroplasmy were observed, one involving a major length polymorphism and the other a single restriction site. Shad mtDNA occurred in two principal size classes, 18.3 and 19.8 kb. Of 244 shad examined, 30 were heteroplasmic and carried both size classes of mtDNA in varying proportions; the remainder were homoplasmic for the smaller size class of mtDNA. The large mtDNA variant occurred most frequently at the southern end of the range, and except for two individuals from Nova Scotia, was not detected among shad from rivers north of the Delaware. In contrast, ten shad heteroplasmic for a SalI restriction site originated from rivers ranging from South Carolina to Nova Scotia. DNA mapping and hybridization experiments indicated that the length polymorphism is in the D-loop-containing region and consists of a tandemly repeated 1.5-kb DNA sequence occurring in two and three copies, respectively, in the two major size classes of shad mtDNA. Continuous length variation up to approximately 40 bp occurs among copies of the repeat both within and ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

DNA Mapping
DNA, Mitochondrial
Nucleic Acid Hybridization Procedure
Restriction Site
DNA Restriction Enzymes
Genetic Polymorphism
Mitochondrial DNA Location
Alosa sapidissima
DNA Sequence

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