Sep 4, 2019

Leprosy in elderly people and the profile of a retrospective cohort in an endemic region of the Brazilian Amazon

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
João Sérgio de Sousa OliveiraMarília Brasil Xavier

Abstract

Leprosy has a global presence; more than 180 thousand new cases were registered in 2013, 15% of which were found in the Americas. The elderly are a very susceptible demographic in terms of developing illnesses, mainly because of characteristics natural to the senescence of the human organism. This study's goals were to analyze leprosy in an elderly population from a hyperendemic region of the Brazilian Amazon in a historical series from 2004 to 2013 and to determine the clinical and epidemiological profile of a series of leprosy cases of elderly people in the period spanning from 2009 to 2013. To achieve these goals, an observational, longitudinal, retrospective and descriptive study was put together to analyze leprosy in elderly people from data acquired from the Notification Aggravations Information System. Furthermore, a profile of the disease from a retrospective cohort based on data collected from medical records was developed. The number of new cases and the leprosy detection rate decreased across the observed period but remained stable among the elderly. The trend for the next ten years indicates decreases in the number of cases and in the detection rate in the general population and an increase in only the elderly. The ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Objective (Goal)
Senescence Function
Mental Disorders
Sodium Channel Protein Type 1 Subunit Alpha
Multidrug Resistance Inhibition Therapy
General Population
Cohort
Smear Test
Leprosy

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