Let it bud: an ultrastructural study of Cryptococcus neoformans surface during budding events

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
G. R. d. S. AraujoS. Frases

Abstract

Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungal pathogen that causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised individuals. It is surrounded by three concentric structures that separate the cell from the extracellular space: the plasma membrane, the cell wall and the polysaccharide capsule. Although several studies have revealed the chemical composition of these structures, little is known about their ultrastructural organization and remodeling during C. neoformans budding event. Here, by combining the state-of-the-art in light and electron microscopy techniques we describe the morphological remodeling that occurs synergistically among the capsule, cell wall and plasma membrane during budding in C. neoformans. Our results show that the cell wall deforms to generate a specialized budding region at one of the cell's poles. This region subsequently begins to break into layers that are slightly separated from each other and with thick tips. We also observe a reduction in density of the capsular polysaccharide around these specialized regions. Daughter cells present a distinct spatial organization, with polysaccharide fibers aligned in the direction of budding. In addition, to control the continuous openings between mother and daughter c...Continue Reading

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