Lidocaine sprayed down the endotracheal tube attenuates the airway-circulatory reflexes by local anesthesia during emergence and extubation

Anesthesia and Analgesia
Daelim Jee, So Young Park


To determine whether lidocaine sprayed down the endotracheal tube (ETT) would attenuate airway-circulatory reflexes during emergence, we compared the reflex responses after endotracheal or IV lidocaine (IVL) in 75 patients receiving a standardized anesthetic protocol. At the end of surgery, the patients were divided into 3 groups (n = 25 for each group) and given no drug (Group 1), given 1 mg/kg of 2% lidocaine sprayed down the ETT 5 min before (Group 2), or given the same dose of IVL 3 min before extubation (Group 3). Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded at predetermined time points from 5 min (baseline) before until 5 min after extubation. The number of coughs per patient was continuously monitored during this period. The number (mean +/- SD) of coughs was decreased in Group 2 (4.5 +/- 3.7) compared with the control (10.2 +/- 6.0) (P < 0.01) with no difference for the control versus Group 3 (7.8 +/- 4.6). The increase in blood pressure was only attenuated immediately before extubation (P < 0.05), whereas the increase in heart rate was attenuated (P < 0.05) at all (except baseline) time points (P < 0.05) in Group 2 compared with the control with no difference for the control versus Group 3. The results indicate that lid...Continue Reading


Sep 1, 1978·Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal·A V BidwaiV A Bidwai
Sep 1, 1976·British Journal of Anaesthesia·D B ScottG B Drummond
May 1, 1970·Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal·D A PeltonA W Conn
Feb 2, 1999·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·H GroebenJ Peters
Oct 16, 1999·Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie·Y FujiiH Toyooka
Aug 30, 2000·European Journal of Anaesthesiology·F AltintaşG Akkan
Sep 8, 2001·Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie·K TakitaO Kemmotsu


Apr 17, 2004·Der Anaesthesist·S PecherM W Hollmann
Feb 28, 2016·Paediatric Anaesthesia·Mari H Roberts, Christopher D Gildersleve
Oct 26, 2010·ANZ Journal of Surgery·Pankaj KundraSudeep Krishnappa
Sep 25, 2020·Critical Care : the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum·Ramandeep KaurJie Li
Jul 20, 2007·Anaesthesia·A M MachataC K Spiss

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.