Apr 20, 2020

Changes in Sound Localization Performance of Single-Sided Deaf Listeners after Visual Feedback Training in Azimuth

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
B. Zonooz, John Van Opstal

Abstract

Chronic single-sided deaf (CSSD) listeners lack the availability of binaural difference cues to localize sounds in the horizontal plane. Hence, for directional hearing they have to rely on different types of monaural cues: loudness perceived in their hearing ear, which is affected in a systematic way by the acoustic head shadow, on spectral cues provided by the low-pass filtering characteristic of the head, and on high-frequency spectral-shape cues from the pinna of their hearing ear. Presumably, these cues are differentially weighted against prior assumptions on the properties of sound sources in the environment. The rules guiding this weighting process are not well understood. In this preliminary study, we trained three CSSD listeners to localize a fixed intensity, high-pass filtered sound source at ten locations in the horizontal plane with visual feedback. After training, we compared their localization performance to sounds with different intensities, presented in the two-dimensional frontal hemifield to their pre-training results. We show that the training had rapidly readjusted the contributions of monaural cues and internal priors, which resulted to be imposed by the multisensory information provided during the training....Continue Reading

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