Aug 7, 2002

Ligand and coactivator recruitment preferences of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha

The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Ranjan MukherjeePeter R Young


The mechanism by which ligands of nuclear receptors show differential effects on gene transcription is not fully understood, but is believed to result in part from the preferential recruitment and/or displacement of coactivators and corepressors. We have explored the interaction of several known ligands and the nuclear receptor (peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha, PPARalpha) using scintillation proximity assay (SPA) and the interaction of LXXLL containing peptides derived from three coactivators (SRC-1, CBP and PGC-1) with PPARalpha in the presence of PPARalpha agonist ligands using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). The EC(50)s of the individual ligands for recruitment showed the same rank order regardless of the coactivator peptide used, with GW2331<WY14643=ciprofibrate<L165041<gemfibrozil. Similarly, for all ligands tested, the rank order of EC(50) for peptide recruitment was CBP<PGC-1<SRC-1. These data suggest that for these LXXLL coactivator peptides, the ligands do not substantially differ in their preferences. Partial agonism was observed with ciprofibrate and PGC-1 and gemfibrozil and CBP giving a lower FRET at saturation than with the other ligands. This suggests that ciprofibrate and gemfibro...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

PPARA wt Allele
Co-Repressor Proteins
Energy Transfer
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Transcription, Genetic
Cell Nucleus
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Receptors, Intracellular Membrane
NCOA1 protein, human

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.