Apr 1, 1974

Light-dependent redistribution of ions in suspensions of chloroplast thylakoid membranes

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
G HindS Izawa

Abstract

Ion movements associated with the pH rise that is observed upon illumination of thylakoid suspensions at low pH have been studied by a multiparameter technique. Light-dependent, dark-reversible fluxes of H(+), Cl(-), Na(+), K(+) and divalent cations were monitored, together with simultaneous changes in the optical density of the suspension. Extensive uptake of Cl(-) and efflux of Mg(2+) accompany the apparent inward movement of H(+) in the light. Only minor efflux of K(+) is seen and Na(+) appears immobile. The Cl(-) and Mg(2+) fluxes together compensate for most of the charge transferred as H(+), contributing respectively about 49% and 43% on an equivalent basis. The ratio of Cl(-) influx to Mg(2+) efflux is variable, but usually >1.0. The Mg(2+) flux can be supplanted by (1) K(+) flux, if the K(+)/Mg(2+) activity ratio in the suspension is high, and (2) Ca(2+) flux, if the thylakoids are equilibrated with suspending media containing Ca(2+). The affinity of the divalentcation-binding sites, or carrier mechanism, is greater for Ca(2+) than for Mg(2+). Schemes can be drawn up to account for the observed ion movements on the basis of either a chemical or a chemiosmotic mechanism for energy transduction in chloroplasts. In intact ...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations101

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Chemiosmotic Mechanisms
Biochemical Pathway
Cations, Divalent
Tissue Membrane
Energy Transfer
Calcium
Stroma
Potassium
Uptake

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