DOI: 10.1101/490128Dec 9, 2018Paper

Linking micro and macroevolution in the presence of migration

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Pablo DuchenNicolas Salamin

Abstract

The process of speciation is of key importance in evolutionary biology because it shapes macroevolutionary patterns. This process starts at the microevolutionary level, for instance, when two subpopulations evolve towards different phenotypic optima. The speed at which these optima are reached is controlled by the degree of stabilising selection, which pushes a mean trait towards an optimum within subpopulations, and ongoing migration that pulls the mean phenotype away from that optimum. Traditionally, macro phenotypic evolution with selection has been modelled by Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) processes, but these models have ignored the role of migration within species. Here, our goal is to reconcile the processes of micro and macroevolution by modelling migration during speciation. More precisely, we introduce an OU model where migration happens between two subpopulations within a branch of a phylogeny and this migration decreases over time as it happens during speciation. We then use this model to study the evolution of trait means along a phylogeny, as well as the way phenotypic disparity between species changes with successive epochs. We show that ignoring the effect of migration in sampled time-series data leads to a significan...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Evolution
Evolution, Molecular
Patterns
Gene Flow
Migration, Cell
Species

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