Dec 16, 1998

Linoleic acid peroxidation--the dominant lipid peroxidation process in low density lipoprotein--and its relationship to chronic diseases

Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Gerhard Spiteller

Abstract

Modern separation and identification methods enable detailed insight in lipid peroxidation (LPO) processes. The following deductions can be made: (1) Cell injury activates enzymes: lipoxygenases generate lipid hydroperoxides (LOOHs), proteases liberate Fe ions--these two processes are prerequisites to produce radicals. (2) Radicals attack any activated CH2-group of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with about a similar probability. Since linoleic acid (LA) is the most abundant PUFA in mammals, its LPO products dominate. (3) LOOHs are easily reduced in biological surroundings to corresponding hydroxy acids (LOHs). LOHs derived from LA, hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs), surmount other markers of LPO. HODEs are of high physiological relevance. (4) In some diseases characterized by inflammation or cell injury HODEs are present in low density lipoproteins (LDL) at 10-100 higher concentration, compared to LDL from healthy individuals.

  • References276
  • Citations88

References

  • References276
  • Citations88

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Measurement
Cell Injury
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Antioxidant Effect
Peptide Hydrolases
Chronic Disease
Free Radicals
LDL-1
Lipoxygenase-2
Lipid Peroxides

About this Paper

Related Feeds

ApoE, Lipids & Cholesterol

Serum cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B (APOB)-containing lipoproteins (very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), immediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), lipoprotein A (LPA)) and the total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio are all connected in diseases. Here is the latest research.