Jan 15, 1976

Lipid biosynthesis in liver slices of the foetal guinea pig

The Biochemical Journal
C T Jones, I K Ashton

Abstract

Lipid synthesis as measured by the incorporation of acetate or 3H2O into slices of foetal liver, is much higher than in slices of adult liver and shows a peak at about two-thirds of gestation. At this time the synthesis from glucose was low and reached a peak 10 days later. The changes in the activity of ATP citrate lyase, which mirrored acetate incorporation, and the effect of glucose and pyruvate on acetate corporation into lipid suggests that some of the lipid synthesis occurs via intramitochondrial acetyl-CoA production from acetate. Despite this, lipid synthesis was not inhibited by (-)-hydroxycitrate. The low rate of synthesis from glucose at two-thirds of gestation is ascribed to the low activity of pyruvate carboxylase at this time and a role for a phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in providing oxaloacetate for lipogenesis is proposed. The activity of fatty acid synthetase broadly agreed with the changes in lipid synthesis, whereas the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase was barely sufficient to account for the rates of lipid synthesis in vivo. Acetate and short-chain fatty acids are likely to be the major precursors for lipid synthesis in vivo.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Lipogenesis
Kynurenate
Fatty Acids, Volatile
Oxaloacetates
Malate Dehydrogenase
Cavia
Pyruvate Measurement
Acetyl Coenzyme A
Oxaloacetate
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer

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